• PENWENALLT

    by  • June 30, 2013 • Cilgerran, Farm, House, Modern, Pembrokeshire, Period, Post-Medieval, Site Type • 3 Comments

    History:

    The name means ‘End of the White Wood’. On 22nd October 1580 a piece of land here passed from Thomas Revell of Forest to Robert Vaughan of Glandovan. It may have been for this property that David Parry was assessed for two hearths in the Hearth Tax of 1670. The Parry family owned Penwenallt in 1694. In the C18 it was a gentry house called ‘Plas Penwenallt’. In November 1752 Anne & George Morgan lived here. On 31st October 1774 John Parry of Penwenallt became a burgess of Cardigan. On 29th June 1775 Lewis Parry, son of David Parry of Penwenallt, was buried at Cilgerran Church. In September 1780 Mr. Parry of Penwenallt was buried at Cilgerran Church. On 28th May 1783 reference was made to Margaret Parry of Cardigan, widow of John Parry of Penwenallt. In 1786-88 Evan Parry was the owner and occupier. Thomas Rhys Davies, later a Baptist minister, was born here on 19th May 1790. In 1790-1803 Thomas Parry, one of the Parry family of Portheiddy, owned Penwenallt and leased it to David Davies.

    In 1823-38 Penwenallt belonged to Richard Matthias of Castle Cenlas, Mathry. On 7th August 1830 David Davies of Penwenallt wrote his will. He referred to his wife Mary Davies; son David Davies; daughter Phoebe Davies; son Josuah Davies; and daughter Lettice Davies. The original house can be seen on an 1838 estate map and on the 1838 Tithe map. On 6th December 1838 Letitia Davies, daughter of David Davies, farmer of Penwenallt, married James Thomas of Cardigan. The house was offered for sale in 1843, but seems to have remained unsold, being owned by Letitia Jones of Castle Cenlas and Stoke Newington in 1856-74. In 1851-66 Griffith Thomas lived here. In 1851 the following persons lived here: Griffith Thomas, 53; Elizabeth Thomas, 47, his wife; Sarah Thomas, 14, daughter; Corbetta Thomas, 13, daughter; Eleanor Thomas, 12, daughter; Sarah Owens, 26, house servant; Hannah Davies, 19, house servant; and Alban Owens, 20, farm servant. On 28th November 1857 Elizabeth Thomas, wife of Griffith Thomas, died aged 53. In 1861 the following persons lived here: Griffith Thomas, 61, farmer of 65 acres; Sarah Thomas, 26, his daughter; Isabella Thomas, 22, daughter; Eleanor Thomas, 17, daughter; Mr. ? Johnston, 19, carter; Thomas Griffiths, 18, carter; David Elias, 14, carter; and Hannah Jones, 12, cowgirl.

    In 1863-75 Rowland Vaulke farmed and occupied Penwenallt. On 26th June 1863 Elizabeth Corbetta Vaulke, daughter of Rowland & Sarah Vaulke of Penwenallt, was baptised at Cilgerran Church. On 2nd April 1867 James Evans of Clos, Bridell, married Corbetta Thomas, daughter of Griffith Thomas of Penwenallt. On 21st May 1871 John Griffith Vaulke, son of Rowland & Sarah Vaulke, was baptised at Cilgerran Church. In 1871 the following persons lived here: Rowland Vaulke, 35, farmer; Sarah Vaulke, 34, his wife; Elizabeth Corbetta Vaulke, 8, daughter; William George Vaulke, 5, son; Mary Ellen Vaulke, 2, daughter; John Griffith Vaulke, 3 weeks, son; Phoebe Thomas, 22, dairy maid; and Ann James, 12, servant. On 14th September 1873 Margaret anne Vaulke, daughter of Rowland & Sarah Vaulke of Penwenallt, was baptised at Cilgerran Church.

    On 5th March 1889 Lucy Davies, daughter of William & Emma Davies of Penwenallt, was baptised at Cilgerran Church. William Davies lived here in 1889-94. Arthur Davies lived here in 1889-1926. In 1891 the following persons lived here: William Davies, 55, farmer; Emma Davies, 52, his wife; Mary M. Davies, 24, their daughter; Arthur Davies, 22, son; Sarah Ann Davies, 20, daughter; Rees Davies, 17, son; and Lucy Davies, 16, daughter. On 27th July 1893 Arthur Davies, 24, of Penwenallt, son of Willliam Davies, married Sarah Anne Davies of Hafod. In 1901 the following persons lived here: Arthur Davies, 31, farmer (b. Camrose, bilingual); Sarah Anne Davies, 35, his wife (b. Nevern, bilingual); David Davies, 7, their son (b. Carmarthenshire, bilingual); Louisa A. Davies, 5, daughter (b. Cilgerran, Welsh-speaking); James Davies, 4, son (b. Cilgerran, Welsh-speaking); Mary Richards, 15, servant (b. St. Dogmaels, Welsh-speaking); and John Jones, 55, servant, Welsh-speaking. Arthur John Davies designed a manually operated hay-turning machine. In August 1903 tenders were sought for building
    a new stable and chaff-room at Penwenallt. In 1916-22 James Rees Davies lived here.

    In 1921 Charles Edward Davies conveyed Penwenallt to Arthur Davies and his wife of Penwenallt. On 18th July 1922 Mrs. Sarah Anne Davies, wife of Arthur Davies of Penwenallt, died. On 4th June 1927 Johnny A. Davies, son of Mr. Davies of Penwenallt, married Miss Mary H. Jones, youngest daughter of Mr. & Mrs. Jones of Rhosygilwen.  In June 1938 Penwenallt was advertised for sale with 161 acres. In June 1939 the property was sold. On 4th October 1939 there was a clear-out sale here for former owner Mrs. A. Davies. In May 1945 the 150 acre property was advertised for sale. It was sold in August 1945. On 4th October 1945 R. C. Richards, having sold the property, held a clear-out sale here.

    In 1947-72 the Williams family lived here. On 25th May 1972 there was a clear-out sale of stock and implements here. An extension was added to the house in 1992. In 1994 it became a listed building.

    Description:

    In 1994 the farmhouse was described by CADW:

    EXTERIOR – Earlier to mid C19 farmhouse in rubble stone with slate roof and stone end stacks. Two-storey three-window front, offset to right. 16-pane hornless sashes with cut-stone voussoirs and slate sills. Centre half-glazed door with similar head. Outshut rear. S side ground floor C20 matching window. SW 1992 rear wing.

    Front garden enclosed by low rubble stone walls…”

    Sources:

    NLW Noyadd Trefawr MS 276

    Hearth Tax List for Pembrokeshire 1670

    NLW Minor Deposit 490-9B

    Pembrokeshire Record Office: – Abstracts of Wills 1752; 1830

    Land Tax Lists for Cilgerran 1786-1803

    Tithe Map – Cilgerran Parish 1838

    Cilgerran Parish Registers

    Census Returns 1851; 1861; 1871; 1891

    Kelly’s Directory of South Wales 1875; 1926

    Occupiers List of Voters – Cilgerran Parish 19/07/1890; 22/06/1894

    Poster – Cilgerran Parish Jury List 13/08/1902

    Hanes Eglwys y Bedyddwyr Penuel, Cilgerran, W Morris & Rev D J Michael, B A,

           1935

    Poster – Sale of stock, Penwenallt 04/10/1939

    Cardigan & Tivy-Side Advertiser 1893; 1903; 1916; 1922; 1927; 1938-39; 1945;

           1947; 1972; 1992; 1994-95

    Babell Cilgerran – Annual Report 1952

    The Place-Names of Pembrokeshire, B G Charles 1993

    Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest – Cilgerran, Julian Orbach, CADW

    1994

    Tom Mathias, John Williams-Davies 1995

    © Glen K Johnson 30/06/2013

    About

    3 Responses to PENWENALLT

    1. Graham Emery
      June 22, 2014 at 7:32 pm

      I spoke to you on the telephone last year concerning my wife who was trying to find where her ancestor lived in St. Dogmaels, We were looking for the address that was on the census which said 11 cwmDegwell but we think we were looking at the wrong place as after she spent a lot of time looking at the census forms we found that numbers 1-22 Cwmdegwell was next to numbers 1, 2 and 3 Church St. number 3 being Penshar where Henry Vincent the Vicar of St. dogmaels in 1861.lived. Please would you have any idea where 11 Cwmdegwell was or where I can get an old o.s. map of the area. Many thanks Graham Emery.

      • glen
        June 23, 2014 at 7:07 am

        Hi Graham. Cwmdegwel is infernally tricky as nothing has a number, and houses are being abandoned and new ones constructed, confusing any attempt at pinning down anything solid, particularly on the earlier censuses where Singrug, lower Longdown Bank and Ffordd y Cwm all seem to have stray properties listed as ‘Cwmdegwell’. There are early edition O S maps, but they don’t help untangle the mystery very much. If you google ‘Old Maps Online St. Dogmaels you should find some, but cracking Cwmdegwel will be a challenge!

        • graham emery
          August 5, 2014 at 1:45 pm

          Thank you for trying to help, I found the marriage certificate of the lady I was looking into and her father’s name was David Evans and he is listed as a master mariner and I found them on the 1841 census and the address is down as Dan y Cwm street the next street is down as abbey st. Think I shall have to pass on this one.
          regards graham emery.

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