• YR HEN GAPEL/CAPEL ISAF

    by  • June 25, 2013 • Ceredigion, Chapel, Llechryd, Modern, Period, Post-Medieval, Site Type • 0 Comments

    History:

    The name means ‘The Old Chapel’. The chapel was founded in 1709, as stated on a plaque on the present building. It was said by some to be the first Congregational Chapel in Cardiganshire. Rev. John Thomas of Lllwyngrawys, Llangoedmor, was the founder. The land was acquired from Thomas Lloyd of Coedmore on a 999 year lease. According to one source, Rev. John Thomas died circa 1712. In 1723, following the death of Rev. John Thomas, David Sais of Cardigan was ordained the new minister. He remained the minister until he died in 1741. During his ministry branches were formed at Brynberian, Moylegrove and Drewen.

    David Sais was succeeded by Rev. David Evans, his former assistant from about 1739, who was then the Minister here ca1741-73. In 1742 Mr. David Griffiths became the assistant minister to Rev. David Evans, and remained so until 1773. In 1763 the famous preacher, Howell Harries, preached to a crowd of 12,000 Nonconformists at Llechryd. Circa 1773, following the death of Rev. David Evans, Rev. David Griffiths became the minister. In 1788 Mr. Griffith Griffiths was ordained as the assistant minister. In 1794 Rev. David Griffiths died. He was succeeded by Rev. Griffith Griffiths who was the minister from 1794 until 1818, when he died. In 1818 Rev. David Davies of Neuaddllwyd became the minister, but left in 1821, having proved to be very unpopular and regarded as “…totally useless…” There was then a short periosd of strife and division over beliefs and practices. Mr. Methuselah Davies briefly had charge during this period, but was not ordained.

    A new lease was signed on January 15th 1828. From 1828-56 the chapel came under the ministry of Rev. Daniel Davies of Capel Mair, Cardigan, assisted by Messrs. D. Miles, Tyrhos, and David Owen of Cardigan. There were 45 members at that time. The chapel was rebuilt in 1830. The chapel was rebuilt in 1834. The new building was completed in 1839 with a clock given by D. Jenkins. When Rev. Daniel Davies left in 1856 there were over 200 members. Rev. Daniel Davies was said to have been firmly opposed to temperance. Rev. William Rees later claimed that a deacon told him:

    “…the Rev. Daniel Davies, our old minister, charged us solemnly to keep total abstinence out from the chapel…”

    From 12th August 1856 until 1863 Rev. Rees Morgan, a former student from Brecon College, was the Minister here and at Tyrhos Chapel, Cilgerran. In 1863 he moved to Glyn Neath. In December 1864 Rev. William Rees, a student from Plymouth College, became the minister until 1880. In 1871 the chapel was unified with Ffynnonbedr Chapel, Ferwig, under Rev. William Rees. In 1877 Rev. William Rees began to preach regularly against intemperance – his views were extremely unpopular with the deacons and many members. In September 1878 he preached strongly on abstinence. In February 1879 he named his ‘persecutors’ from the pulpit. Deacons and members were named who Rev. William Rees claimed had been trying to force his resignation as they despised his support of temperance. Further repercussions followed, and there were open calls for his resignation. In 1879 Willie Rees, son of Rev. William Rees and his wife, Nellie Rees, died a young child. On 26th February 1880 Rev. William Rees was locked out of the chapel by David Jones, David Griffiths and John Thomas, with the support of other members of the congregation, and instructed to resign because of his views on temperance. In 1881 Rev. William Hopkin Rees became the Minister, until 1883. On 5th February the following appeared in the ‘Aberystwyth Observer‘:

    LLECHRYD. On Wednesday and Thursday last, services in connection with the ordination of the Rev. W. Hopkins Rees, of Bala College, were held at the Congregational Church, Llechryd. There was an unusually large number of ministers present—not less than 31-and the large edifice was filled to overflowing during all the meetings. The preaching throughout was excellent, and seldom have such good meetings been held in this part…”

    A surprise religious census in 1884 showed 154 attending in the morning and 116 in the evening. In May 1884 Rev. Hugh Hermonydd Williams became the minister until 1926. In May 1909 the chapel celebrated its bicentenary. In 1918 the Deacons were named as: Thomas Edwards, Titus Sallis, David Lodwick, William Griffiths and James Davies. Rev. Hugh Hermonydd Williams was the minister until his death on 8th October 1926. In December 1926 an electric light was installed. In December 1927 a memorial plaque to the late Rev. Hugh Hermonydd Wiliams was unveiled here.

    On 8th January 1929 Rev. David Roberts was inducted as the minister. In June 1946 the chapel became licensed for the solemnising of marriages. The chapel re-opened on 4th June 1948 after a refit. On 1st February 1953 Rev. David Roberts was involved in a car accident and died on 7th February 1953. On 29th July 1955 Rev. Meirion Evans became the minister. In 1956 Mr. D. J. Thomas became a Deacon until at least 1989. In March 1960 Rev. Meirion Evans accepted a new calling to Caernarfonshire.

    In 1961-90 Rev. Arthur Evans-Williams was the minister. In 1970 Trefor Thomas became a Deacon until his death in 1984. In 1977 Hans Bloom-Williams, Gwilym Owen, Ivor Page and Mr. W. J. Watts became Deacons until at least 1989. There were 82 members in 1981, falling to 78 in 1982, 75 in 1983; 74 in 1984; and 73 in 1985, rising to 77 in 1986. There were 69 members in 1987. In 1989 membership rose from 66 to 67. In 1990 Johnny Owen, Laurie Davies, Mrs. Marianne Kenvyn Davies and Mrs. Tegwen Rees became Deacons. In 1990 membership fell from 67-66, in 1991 to 63 and in 1992 to 59. In 1994 there were 53 members. In 1995 membership fell from 53 to 50; in 1996 to 49, and in 1997 to 48. In 1999 Mr. D. J. Thomas, Mr. Hans Bloom Williams, Mr. Ivor Page, Mrs. Marianne Kenvyn Davies and Mrs. Tegwen Rees were the Deacons. In 1999 membership fell from 47 to 44 and in 2000 fell to 42. In 2001 Ivor Page ceased to be a Deacon, but remained the Treasurer. In 2002 membership fell from 41 to 36. In November 2003 former Minister Rev. Arthur Evans-Williams, the minister, died. In 2004 membership fell from 37 to 35. The chapel closed in 2010 and was advertised for sale before the end of the year.

    Description:

    Yr Hen Gapel in March 2000 (c) Glen K Johnson

    Yr Hen Gapel in March 2000 (c) Glen K Johnson

    The chapel was described by CADW in 1994:

    EXTERIOR – 1830 Independent Chapel, rendered front with slate hipped roof. Front has plain square-headed openings to two centre long windows, two doors and two long gallery windows above. Doors and centre windows have stucco pilasters, and moulded arches over, gallery windows have raised surrounds. Painted slate diamond plaque to centre ‘Llechryd Chapel was built in the year 1709 and rebuilt in the year 1830’. C20 framed ledged doors with overlights and early C20 plain glazing. Rubble stone S wall with 6-pane sash each floor. [Attached to the NE corner is altered C19 two-storey three-window rubble stone chapel house.]

    Cilgerran stone C19 front retaining wall with slim monolith gatepiers, pyramid capped, coped wall with low spearhead rails and intermediate spearheads each side, and larger cut-stone pyramid-capped end piers. Double iron gates.

    INTERIOR – Grained box pews of 1830 with some reused work from earlier chapel, including one seat-back inscribed ‘Coedmore Seat 1709’. Five-sided gallery on four marbled timber columns, bracketed cornice and panelled front. Clock by D. Jenkins, Cardigan, 1839. Later plain ceiling ornament of ribs and centre rose, later C19 pulpit with plaster arched aedicule behind and great seat with balustrading…”

    Sources:

    Kelly’s Directory of South Wales 1875; 1926

    Cardigan Observer 1884

    The Devil’s Keys, Rev. William Rees 1888

    Quarterly Meeting – Hen Gapel, Llechryd 27/10/1903

    Cardigan & Tivy-Side Advertiser 1905; 1909; 1924; 1926-27; 1929; 1932; 1937; 1943; 1946; 1948;

    1955; 1960; 2003 

    Capel Mair, D J Roberts 1955

    Annual Report – Yr Hen Gapel 1981; 1982; 1983; 1984; 1985; 1986; 1987; 1989; 1990; 1991;

    1992; 1994; 1995; 1996; 1997; 1999; 2000; 2002; 2003; 2004

    The Gateway to Wales, W J Lewis 1990

    Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest – Llangoedmor, Julian Orbach CADW

    Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru, Thomas Rees & John Thomas, 4 volumes, 1871

    (c) Glen K Johnson 25/06/2013

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